James Larkin commonly referred to as Jim was born on 21st January 1876 to Irish parents in Liverpool England. Larkin was an Irish trade unionist and a social activist. Larkin grew up in Poverty thus was not able to get a good formal education.
As a result, Jim Larkin began doing a variety of jobs while he was still at a very tender age to help supplement the family income. Larkin at the age of fourteen lost his father and was required to fill his dad position at the firm he worked.
Larkin worked at the firm and was dismissed after serving for two years. Larkin then began working as a sailor and a docker, and by 1903 he rose through the ranks to become the dock foreman. The same year Larkin got married to his longtime girlfriend, Elizabeth Brown.
Larkin in 1983 develop an interest in socialism and as a result became a member of the Independent Labor Party. In 1905 Larkin was among the ringleaders who organized the Liverpool dock strike an event that saw him lose his job as a foreman.
They say when one door closes another one opens and Larkin’s having performed exemplary in the strike impressed the National Union of Dock Laborers and was appointed the union temporary organizer. Read more: James Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
By 1906 Larkin had gained a permanent position in the union and was sent to Scotland to represent the Union. While at Scotland Larkin was able to organize workers in Preston and Glasgow successfully.
In January of 1907 was sent to represent NUDL in Belfast and within weeks he was able to recruit over 400 new members into the Union.
Larkin was later sent to Dublin to help organize the casual and unskilled workers of the docks, and after a year he had recruited more than 2700 workers into the Union.
In Dublin Larkin organized three major strikes and as a result, NUDL became more concerned about the costs the strikes incurred. This would lead to his suspension on 7th December 1908.
Larkin after being suspended decided to form his trade union and established the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU) which turned out to be one of the largest Irish trade movement.