There are several cases running against the Maricopa County Sheriff, Joe Arpaio. One of these is the Melendres v. Arpaio case. Another is the civil rights lawsuit that is being overseen by Judge Roslyn O. Silver. This is the US v. Maricopa County case. Earlier this case was estimated to last 15 days. Read more: Jim Larkin | Crunchbase

All this started after Joe Arpaio arrested Michael Jim from their homes in the middle of the night, and jailed them. This was because these two journalists had written about the racial discriminations and other malpractices in the county jails under his supervision. This arrest marked the end of the career for these two journalists. Larkin and Lacey decided to sue the state, the sheriff as well as the public prosecutor. The money they got as the settlement was used to set up the Frontera Fund.

There was another lawsuit filed by the Department of Justice in May 2012. This is just like the other lawsuits which address issues regarding the discriminatory practices by the office of the Sheriff against Latinos. This is just like the Melendres trial. Here MCSO was accused to be guilty of racial profiling practices. This was in 2013. A long list of remedies was ordered to be implemented here.

This lawsuit by the Department of Justice is much wider than Melendres. It is covering the abuse of power by Joe Arpaio. It also includes any reprisals against his critics, along with the discrimination against Hispanics that continues in County jails.

Also, the Department of Justice has claimed that MCSO violated the Equal Protection Clause of Amendment 14. The Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits any kind of discrimination on the basis of certain aspects like race, color, or national origin, besides programs as well as those activities which receive federal funds.

This way the aid of millions of dollars to Maricopa County as well as MCSO can be affected this way.

Another complaint by the DOJ alleges violating the ban of the Fourth Amendment against search as well as the seizure of property. This was violating First Amendment rights by the critics as well as opponents of Arpaio. The DOJ also argued that MCSO misdemeanors will be under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. Learn more about Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey:  http://www.laceyandlarkinfronterafund.org/about-lacey-larkin-frontera-fund/jim-larkin/

This states that no government authority or its agent or any person acting on its behalf can exercise any patterns of conduct that will deprive a person of rights, or privileges, or any kind of immunities that have been secured by the Constitution of the U.S.

This complaint by the DOJ detailed all the anti-constitutional activities of MCSO. This was in terms of violating the civil rights of Latinos, besides their Spanish-speaking rights, as well as the illegal arrests of the Phoenix New Times Founders Michael and Jim.

Next was the Border Fund in 200 7, besides arresting the Arpaio critics who had clapped during a meeting of the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, besides arresting the civil rights activist known as Salvador Reza. Also detailed were the false accusations that were brought by the MCSO which was against the former high court judge, Gary Donahoe.